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Esults in an increased sensitivity to TGF-beta signaling. BMC Cancer. 2011;11:59. PubMed. 31. Imamichi Y, Waidmann O, Hein R, Eleftheriou P, Giehl K, Menke A. TGF betainduced focal complex formation in epithelial cells is mediated by activated ERK and JNK MAP kinases and is independent of Smad4. Biol Chem. 2005;386(3):225-236. PubMed. 32. Gauger KJ, Shimono A, Crisi GM, Schneider SS. Loss of SFRP1
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Cts that pancreatic cancer will rank second of all cancer-related mortalities by the year 2030 [1, 2]. Neither current chemotherapy nor molecular therapy provides patients with an extension of survival measured by more than a few months, or the hope for sustained tumor regressions. Even in the minority of patients who are able to undergo surgical resection, median overall survival remains poor [3]
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Tic cancer, there is considerable heterogeneity in the molecular make-up, MAPK/ERK pathway activation states, and clinical outcome in this disease. We analyzed the expression levels of CNKSR1, a scaffold that influences MAPK/ ERK pathway activity, in clinical pancreas cancer specimens and their impact on survival of patients with pancreatic cancer. Methods: Immunohistochemical staining for CNKSR1
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Thor(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.Quadri et al. BMC Cancer (2017) 17:Page 2 ofBackground While advances in the understanding of cancer biology, sc
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Nonevent. All cases with missing information were included in proportional hazard ratio calculations after performing a sensitivity analysis which showed negligible effects of excluding missing data.ImmunohistochemistryImmunohistochemical staining for CNKSR1 (mouse monoclonal antibody CNKSR1 (clone 46), Santa Cruz Biotechnology, TX, USA, #sc-135,870; dilution 1:200) was performed on a Leica BOND-M
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Enhancer of the Kinase Suppressor of Ras-1), a regulator and binding partner of KSR1, is another scaffolding protein which is less understood. Its role in pancreatic cancer biology, or as a biomarker, remains to be explored. Current data suggests that CNKSR1 has multiple roles cancer biology, with some reports demonstrating that CNKSR1 interacts with tumor suppressors and othersdescribe its scaffo
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Inase suppressor of Ras 1 (CNKSR1)* Correspondence: rudloffu@mail.nih.gov Equal contributors 1 Thoracic and Gastrointestinal Oncology Branch, Gastrointestinal Oncology Section, Investigator Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, Building 10 - Hatfield CRC, Room 4-5950, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA Full list of author information is available at the end of the article?The Author(s). 201
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Thotopically xenografted into the brains of immunocompromized mice. Invasive cells at the tumor periphery were isolated using laser capture microdissection. The mRNA expression profile of these cells was compared to expression at the tumor core, using normal mouse brain to control for host contamination. Galectin-1, a target identified by screening the resulting data, was stably over-expressed in